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Blue book on employment of college students: under the pressure of "the most difficult employment year in history" of animation law and other red card warning majors, a survey said that the overall signing process of 2013 college graduates was significantly lower than that of the previous year

9, Mycos Research Institute held the "2013 Chinese college students' employment report release and seminar" at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, and released the fifth blue book on Chinese college students' employment. It said that from October 29, 2012 to April 10, 2013, the contract signing rate of the 2013 master's graduates surveyed was 26%, that of the undergraduate graduates was 35%, and that of the vocational college graduates was 32%, respectively 116% lower than that of the same period last year 12 percentage points and 13 percentage points

it is worth mentioning that the employment blue book published the list of "red and green card" majors for employment in 2013. The red card warning majors for undergraduate employment in 2013 include animation, law, biotechnology, bioscience and engineering, mathematics and applied mathematics, physical education, bioengineering, English, etc. These majors have been red card majors for employment for three consecutive years (2011~2013)

"red card majors have large unemployment, low employment rate and low salary. Moreover, majors with poor employment have the ability to hold the [learning on the road] and graduate for one year." Wangboqing, chief expert of Mycos Research Institute, introduced that some red card majors are caused by oversupply; Some red card majors, such as computer, are caused by the fact that the quality of talent training cannot meet the requirements of the industry. On the one hand, fresh graduates cannot find professional posts, and on the other hand, enterprises cannot recruit suitable talents

the employment blue book points out that both undergraduate and vocational college graduates have a lower level of basic working ability than the job requirements when they graduate

compared with the red card specialty, the employment rate and salary of some specialties continue to rise, which is called the green card specialty in the report. The green card development majors for undergraduate employment in 2013 include: Geological Engineering, port, waterway and coastal engineering, ship and ocean engineering, petroleum engineering, etc

the survey shows that the graduates of 2012 are mainly employed in private enterprises and small and medium-sized employers. However, the 2012 graduates' employment satisfaction is the highest in "government institutions/scientific research institutions" and the lowest in "private enterprises/individuals". Yuechangjun, Professor of Peking University and director of the Department of educational economics and management, said that a relaxed development environment needs to be created for private enterprises and small and medium-sized enterprises

huruiwen, the National Education Advisory Committee, said that with the rapid development of China's higher education from elite to popular, the situation of talent supply and demand has been greatly reversed. In the next 10 years, from the perspective of the total number of new employees and the forecast of the whereabouts of ordinary higher vocational and secondary vocational graduates, it is mainly the high-level and middle-level skilled posts with powerful built-in measurement and control software in the physical industries such as industry, transportation, construction, agriculture, commercial services and the production front line

"however, many schools have failed to sink their focus and are still concerned about the upgrading of schools and talent training specifications, which has exacerbated the structural contradiction between talent supply and demand. This phenomenon urgently needs attention from all sides." Huruiwen said

the research group of the National Natural Science Foundation's key project "Research on the construction of a new national education system and the realization mechanism of fair education" led by huruiwen believes that at present, China's colleges and universities at all levels and secondary vocational schools must be repositioned. The main task of higher education is no longer just to "train high-level professionals", but to "train high, middle and primary level professionals and some high skilled talents"; In principle, secondary vocational schools should no longer train professional and technical personnel and management personnel, but should mainly train middle and primary skilled workers, knowledgeable farmers and skilled business service personnel

huruiwen said that the repositioning of the school's training objectives requires a huge change in educational concepts, and also involves the adjustment of interests in many aspects. At the same time, the government and competent departments are required to adopt various policies that can meet the basic needs of the domestic market to promote this change. (chapter. I. finance, economics, daily news, chapter. Ke)

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